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Brown ArrowDissemination and Implementation Science

Dissemination is the purposive distribution of information and intervention materials to a specific public health or clinical practice audience. The intent is to spread information and the associated evidence-based interventions. Research on dissemination addresses how information about health promotion and care interventions is created, packaged, transmitted, and interpreted among a variety of important stakeholder groups. [Internet]. 4th Annual NIH Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation: Policy and Practice [cited 30 March 2012].

Implementation science is the study of methods to promote the integration of research findings and evidence into healthcare policy and practice. It seeks to understand the behavior of healthcare professionals and other stakeholders as a key variable in the sustainable uptake, adoption, and implementation of evidence-based interventions. As a newly emerging field, the definition of implementation science and the type of research it encompasses may vary according [to] setting and sponsor. However, the intent of implementation science and related research is to investigate and address major bottlenecks (e.g. social, behavioral, economic, management) that impede effective implementation, test new approaches to improve health programming, as well as determine a causal relationship between the intervention and its impact. [Internet]. NIH Fogarty International Center, Frequently Asked Questions about Implementation Sciences [cited 10 February 2012].

Additional HSR resources related to Implementation Science may be found in the Main Topic pages for Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER), and/or Evidence-Based Practice/Health Technology Assessment, and/or Quality .

Quality improvement tools and training for the public health workforce can be found on the Partners in Information Access for the Public Health Workforce site.

Information on this page is not an index of all Dissemination and Implementation Science health services research resources on the Web. Rather, this page contains selective links representing a sample of available information. Items are selected for their quality, authority of authorship, uniqueness, and appropriateness.

  • AHRQ Data Resources Details

    AHRQ provides access to a plethora of data and surveys on healthcare access, expenditures, quality, etc.

  • An Open Toolkit for Tracking Open Science Partnership Implementation and Impact Details

    This article presents a toolkit, aimed at tracking the implementation and impact of open science partnerships.

  • CTS-Personas Details

    An effort to create Persona profiles representing roles across the ecosystem of translational research: Basic Research, Pre-Clinical Research, Clinical Research, Clinical Implementation,Public Health. These profiles are intended for use for the CTSA community and beyond, to assist those developing software projects, educational and communication materials, and more.

  • Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. (Plan, Link, Act, Network with Evidence-based Tools) Details

    This NCI web portal provides cancer control planners, program staff, and researchers with access to web-based resources.

  • Fundamentals of Implementation Research Details

    An introduction to the language, concepts, tools, and strategies used in implementation research (IR).

  • HSRR (Health Services and Sciences Research Resources) Details

    HSRR is a searchable database of information about research datasets, instruments/indices and software employed in Health Services Research, the Behavioral and Social Sciences and Public Health. The database includes brief descriptions of research resources and links to PubMed.

  • Implementation Research Toolkit Details

    A toolkit for health care and services professionals, researchers, and policy makers to create a plan in their organization for implementation science.

  • Translational Science Search Details

    This is a web application for finding MEDLINE/PubMed journal articles that are regarded by their authors as novel, promising, or may have potential clinical application. A set of "translational" filters and related terms was created by reviewing journal articles published in clinical and translational science (TS) journals. Through E-Utilities, a user's query and TS filters are submitted to PubMed, and then, the retrieved PubMed citations are matched with a database of MeSH terms (for disease conditions) and RxNorm (for interventions) to locate the search term, translational filters found, and associated interventions in the title and abstract. An algorithm ranks the interventions and conditions, and then highlights them in the results page for quick reading and evaluation. Using previously searched terms and standard formulas, the precision and recall of TSS were 0.99 and 0.47, compared to 0.58 and 1.0 for PubMed Entrez, respectively.

  • e-Source: Behavioral and Social Science Research Details

    20 interactive chapters with authoritative answers to methodological questions on behavioral and social science research. With contributions from a team of international experts, this anthology provides the latest information on addressing emerging challenges in public health.

  • iCollaborative Details

    The iCollaborative is a service provided by AAMC's MedEdPORTAL that features innovative approaches to medical education, health care delivery, and research. This website provides access to data and publications.

  • Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Process for Awarding Recovery Act Funds and Disseminating Results (2012) Details

    According to AHRQ officials, the agency plans to disseminate the results of Recovery Act-funded CER using a range of existing mechanisms. These mechanisms include written products, training programs, social media tools, and AHRQ's website. AHRQ is also developing additional strategies to disseminate CER results. AHRQ awarded four contracts using Recovery Act funds totaling approximately $42.3 million to promote innovative approaches for disseminating CER results. A variety of efforts are conducted under these contracts, including efforts to educate clinicians and develop regional dissemination offices.

  • Dissemination & Implementation Measurement Compendium (2012) Details

    This white paper provides researchers with a synthesis of validated measurement tools designed to assess D&I-related constructs.

  • Glossary Details

    This is a glossary of dissemination and implementation science terms.

  • Implementation Research: A Synthesis of the Literature (2005) Details

    This 2005 monograph summarizes findings from the review of the research literature on implementation. The review process began by identifying literature reporting any efforts to collect data on attempts to implement practices or programs in any domain, including agriculture, business, child welfare, engineering, health, juvenile justice, manufacturing, medicine, mental health, nursing and social services.

  • Implementation Science (Biomed Central) Details

    Implementation Science is an open access, peer-reviewed online journal that aims to publish research relevant to the scientific study of methods to promote the uptake of research findings into routine healthcare in both clinical and policy contexts.

  • Integrative Analytic Methods Using Population-Level Cross-Sectional Data (2013) Details

    This report from the Health Information National Trends Survey is intended to educate survey researchers about integrative analytics methods that can be used with HINTS and other similar cross-sectional survey data.

  • Principles of Community Engagement, 2nd edition (2011) Details

    This second edition of Principles adheres to the same key principles laid out in the original, 1997 booklet. It distills critical messages from the growing body of information and commentary on this topic. At the same time, it provides more detailed practical information about the application of the principles, and it responds to changes in our larger social context, including the increasing use of "virtual communities" and the growing interest in community-engaged health research.

  • Translating Research Into Practice Fact Sheets (AHRQ) Details

    A series of fact sheets on the Accelerating Change and Transformation in Organizations and Networks (ACTION) program.

  • Translational Behavioral Medicine Details

    TBM is an international peer-reviewed journal that offers continuous, online-first publication. TBM's mission is to engage, inform, and catalyze dialogue between the research, practice, and policy communities about behavioral medicine. We aim to bring actionable science to practitioners and to prompt debate on policy issues that surround implementing the evidence. TBM's vision is to lead the translation of behavioral science findings to improve patient and population outcomes.

  • AcademyHealth Details

    AcademyHealth acts as an objective broker of information, bringing together stakeholders to address the current and future needs of an evolving health system, inform health policy and practice, and translate evidence into action.

  • Administration for Children and Families Details

  • Commonwealth Fund Details

    Established in 1918 with the broad charge to enhance the common good, the mission of The Commonwealth Fund is to promote a high performing health care system that achieves better access, improved quality, and greater efficiency, particularly for society's most vulnerable, including low-income people, the uninsured, minority Americans, young children, and elderly adults. This site provides access to data, surveys and numerous publications.

  • Dissemination and Implementation Research Program Details

    This program includes studies that will contribute to the development of a sound knowledge base on the effective transmission of mental health information to multiple stakeholders and of the process by which efficacious interventions can be adopted within clinical settings.

  • GEM-Dissemination and Implementation Initiative (GEM-D&I) Details

    The Grid-Enabled Measures Database D&I initiative is a project initiated and co-developed by the Cancer Research Network Cancer Communication Research Center at Kaiser Permanente Colorado and the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Division of Cancer Control & Population Sciences. The initiative looks to identify the outcomes and associated measures evidence base to inform D&I research and practice. Its purpose is to create a growing and evolving resource for standardized, vetted D&I measures that can lead to comparable datasets and facilitate collaboration and comparison across disciplines, projects, content areas, and regions.

  • Health Services Research & Development Service, Department of Veterans Affairs, Health Care Organization and Implementation Details

    The VA's HSR&D is interested in scientific approaches to developing methods that promote evidence based practices and translate research findings into mainstream practice in clinical settings. Studies in this portfolio explore the context for the implementation of a successful trial or method and actual implementation trials that will encourage the spread of clinical best practices across the VA Healthcare System.

  • Implementation Research Institute (IRI) Washington University in St. Louis Details

    The IRI was established to advance the field of implementation science in mental health by enhancing the career development of early to mid-career investigators.

  • Implementation Science & Practice Advances Research Center (iSPARC) Details

    iSPARC aims to improve the mental and behavioral health of all citizens in Massachusetts and beyond with research on mental health services services as well as the application of research across the life span from child to adult.

  • Implementation Science Information and Resources Details

    The Fogarty International Center is investing in implementation science to help researchers determine the most effective way to implement known efficacious interventions in global health settings. This website provides links to resources on implementation science.

  • Implementation Science Publications from MPR Details

    MPR's various documents that cite implementation research.

  • Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) Details

    IHI focuses on motivating and building the will for change; identifying and testing new models of care in partnership with both patients and health care professionals; and ensuring the broadest possible adoption of best practices and effective innovations.

  • National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Control & Population Sciences - Implementation Science Details

    The vision of this group is to achieve the rapid integration of scientific evidence, practice and policy, with the ultimate goal of improving the impact of research on cancer outcomes and promoting health across individual, organizational and community levels. This website provides access to publications, presentations, and funding opportunities.

  • National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) Details

    Working in partnership with the public and private sectors, this NIH Center will develop innovative ways to reduce, remove or bypass bottlenecks in the research translational pipeline. The mission of the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences is to catalyze the generation of innovative methods and technologies that will enhance the development, testing, and implementation of diagnostics and therapeutics across a wide range of human diseases and conditions.

  • National Implementation Research Network Details

    The mission of the National Implementation Research Network (NIRN) is to close the gap between science and service by improving the science and practice of implementation in relation to evidence-based programs and practices. This site provides access to publications and research resources.

  • Translation and Dissemination Institute Details

    This institute aims to serve as an incubator for new and innovative approaches to moving knowledge into action.