Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov
Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus
Researchers, policymakers and practitioners are actively engaged in efforts to assess, prevent and ameliorate the effects of domestic violence. This topic page highlights the growing literature and resources related to this problem, which has been historically hidden from view. The following terms guide the selection of resources for this page:
Domestic violence can be defined as attempting to cause or causing bodily injury to a family or household member or placing a family or household member by threat of force in fear of imminent physical harm. (Child Welfare Information Gateway)
Intimate partner violence is a serious, preventable public health problem that affects millions of Americans. The term describes physical violence, sexual violence, stalking and psychological aggression (including coercive acts) by a current or former intimate partner. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Reproductive and Sexual Coercion is defined as a "behavior intended to maintain power and control in a relationship related to reproductive health by someone who is, was, or wishes to be involved in an intimate or dating relationship with an adult or adolescent. This behavior includes explicit attempts to impregnate a partner against her will, control outcomes of a pregnancy, coerce a partner to have unprotected sex, and interfere with contraceptive methods" (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists)
Child maltreatment is any act or series of acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver (e.g., clergy, coach, teacher) that results in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Elder abuse is a term referring to any knowing, intentional, or negligent act by a caregiver or any other person that causes harm or a serious risk of harm to a vulnerable adult. (Department of Health & Human Services)
An examination of the disparities faced by transgender people, this report provides detailed statistical information gleaned from a survey of 27,715 respondents from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. military bases overseas.
The second edition of a toolkit designed to act as a guide for practitioners who respond to victims of sexual assault, including health care professionals, law enforcement officers, prosecutors, interpreters, advocates, and others.
Information from the study, which assesses the associations between childhood maltreatment and later-life health and well-being. Includes data and statistics, and publications. Details about the study itself are included.
CEBC contains a searchable database of prevention and treatment programs. It also describes their level of evidence and guidance on how to select and implement a program.
Publications on children's health from HRSA.
This is a series of statistical reports, available in pdf, on child maltreatment and abuse, beginning in 1995. Since 2010, the report is also available as an Excel spreadsheet.
A free, online tool that will help you discover connections between multiple types of violence and their shared risks and protective factors at each level of the social-ecological model (SEM).
"A program from the CDC that provides funding to state-level health departments for preventing violence and injury in their communities. The program's goal is to implement and evaluate evidence-based injury and violence prevention (IVP) programs and policies at the state level. The site provides tools, guidelines, and information on creating violence and injury prevention initiatives."
Detailed resources to inform professionals on teen dating violence, as well as information that can be used to assist the victim.
Resources to support the goals of a 2013 workshop on child abuse and neglect are available.
A tool which allows healthcare organizations to assess and improve quality of care in relation to domestic violence.
This website outlines the annual support level for various research, condition, and disease categories based on grants, contracts, and other funding mechanisms used across the National Institutes of Health.
The National Coalition Against Domestic Violence has produced a toolkit of educational materials about reproductive coercion.
This toolkit contains materials designed to assist in the assessment of intimate partner violence in the LGBTQ community.
DM-CAPT is a free online tool that allows comprehensive teen dating prevention initiatives to assess their capacity to implement comprehensive teen dating violence prevention programs by surveying stakeholders.
25 specialized fact sheets on domestic violence, sexual violence and child abuse, with statistical data about all issues.
This toolkit offers health care providers and advocates tools to address domestic and sexual violence. Included are sceening instruments, sample scripts for providers, patient and provider education resources.
WISQARS (Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System) is an interactive database system that provides customized reports of injury-related data
The Bureau of Justice Statistics provides a series of documents with statistical data on intimate partner violence starting in 1993.
NCANDS collects and analyzes data on child abuse and neglect known to child protective services (CPS) agencies in the United States.
Started in 1988, NDACAN collects datasets from researchers and national data collection efforts, and makes them available to the research community for secondary analysis.
An outline of statistical information from the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey.
Findings from the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS), a nationally-representative telephone survey that collects detailed information on sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence victimization of adult women and men in the United States.
HRSA's Maternal and Child Health programs promote and improve the health of mothers, infants, children, and adolescents, including low-income families, those with diverse racial and ethnic heritages, and those living in rural or isolated areas without access to care. Publications include materials on health care, prenatal care and newborn screening, and preventive care and research. Included here are National Survey of Children's Health, National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs, Child Health USA, and Women's Health USA.
Provides states and communities with a clearer understanding of violent deaths to guide local decisions about efforts to prevent violence and track progress over time.
Statistics on stalking; over 70% of stalking victims know their stalker in some capacity; 20% are former intimate partners.
A database to examine differences in states’ child abuse and neglect definitions and related policies
This website provides detailed statistics on the elderly population, elder abuse, abuse in long-term care and nursing homes, dementia and elder abuse, those who abuse, and the impact of elder abuse.
This tool from the Centre for Public Health provides access to abstracts from international published studies that have measured the effectiveness of interventions to prevent violence, including child abuse, elder abuse, and intimate partner violence.
This document provides common data elements intended to promote and improve consistency of child maltreatment surveillance for public health practices.
This document represents the uniform definitions and recommended core data elements for possible use in standardizing the collection of elder abuse data locally.
This document was developed to promote consistency in the use of terminology and data collection related to intimate partner violence.
This game-like experience demonstrates the connections between violence and community issues. Users are given the chance to serve as a consultant to VetoVille, a city working to address issues many communities face: rising health care costs, safety concerns, education challenges, and limited resources with which to address them. Users decide how to spend those resources and then get a glimpse-15 years in the future-of how the choices and investments affect the long-term success of VetoVille. This engaging tool illustrates that many issues are related to violence in our communities. Ultimately, users discover that preventing violence requires more than determining how to allocate resources - planning and strategic action are also necessary if we want to prevent violence before it happens.
Fact sheet and resources on elder abuse screening for healthcare professionals.
A collection of strategies that highlight six strategies to prevent intimate partner violence: teaching safe and healthy relationship skills, engaging influential adults and peers, disrupting developmental pathways towards partner violence, creating protective environments, strengthening economic supports for families, and supporting survivors to increase safety and lessen harm.
Employers and unions play an important role in connecting victims to assistance and addressing the workplace impact of violence. This toolkit and series of educational programs is freely available
FrameWorks has issued a report which presents a description of the cultural models that the public draws upon to think about elder abuse. Cultural models are shared understandings, assumptions, and patterns of reasoning.
This Resource Guide is provided to assist communities in strategies to prevent child abuse and neglect.
This document advocates for screening and counseling for all women and adolescent girls for interpersonal and domestic violence in a culturally sensitive and supportive manner.
Links to a summary of this issue, key reports, and videos
National Citizens' Coalition for Nursing Home Reform fact sheet.
This is is a semi-annual online publication produced by FUTURES and the National Health Resource Center on Domestic Violence.
This review of the literature by the Academy of Violence and Abuse researches the contention that violence and abuse lead to a significant increase in health care utilization and costs.
A WHO report that outlines implementation of seven strategies in combating violence against children: implementation and enforcement of laws; norms and values; safe environments; parent and caregiver support; income and economic strengthening; response and support services; and education and life skills.
Toolkit provides information for promoting domestic violence and health partnerships for domestic violence/sexual assault advocates, and for health centers.
Women and men who report a history of intimate partner violence are more likely to report behaviors known to increase the risk for HIV, including injection drug use, treatment for a sexually transmitted infection, giving or receiving money or drugs for sex, and unprotected sexual intercourse.
The position statement of the Emergency Nurses Association and the International Association of Forensic Nurses
National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs' report looks at demographic data on survivors and victims of violence, information on abusive partners, and data on police, medical, and other direct service responses to LGBTQ and HIV-affected survivors.
This report identifies four areas to examine in developing a coordinated research effort to combat child abuse and neglect.
This document reviews theoretical frameworks and defines and describes prevention concepts and strategies that were compatible with the public health approach
A systematic review of performance of screening procedures and interventions in the primary care setting in reducing harm from family and intimate partner violence for children, women, and elderly adults.
This brief examines the role of health professionals in stemming gender-based violence: intimate partner violence and sexual assault by any perpetrator.
An infographic which outlines the burdens which domestic violence issues cause on the general health system
The research and tools sections provides access to PubMed searches on domestic violence and Asian Americans; also included are resources appropriate for distribution to consumers.
This report provides information on the performance of states in seven outcome categories related to foster care, adoption, child abuse and neglect.
ACOG summary of elder abuse and women's health, including a description, screening methods, healthcare provider roles, and recommendations.
Recommendations from the Committee on Health Care for Underserved Women of ACOG on intimate partner violence screening, this document also contains an example of a screening tool.
A summary from ACOG on prevalence, consequences, healthcare provider roles and responsibilities, and recommendations on sexual assault, including with a former or current intimate partner.
Academy on Violence and Abuse has proposed the competencies necessary for health professionals to enhance surveillance.
The National Institute on Health and Care Excellence (NICE-UK) have established guidelines on domestic violence and abuse, including violence perpetrated on men, on those in same-sex relationships and on young people.
These guidelines focus on the role of the adolescent health care provider in preventing, identifying and addressing adolescent relationship abuse.
The final evidence review and evidence summary for the screening of women of childbearing age and for the elderly are presented.
This document presents recommendations for physicians, to improve the health of women suffering from reproductive or sexual coercion, efforts on the part of a partner to impregnate a partner against her will, control outcomes of a pregnancy, coerce a partner to have unprotected sex, and interfere with contraceptive methods.
One quarter to one half of abusive men have substance abuse problems. This Treatment Improvement Protocol focuses on men who abuse their female partners and women who are battered by their male partners.
This guide examines treatment issues for both adult survivors of child abuse or neglect and adults in treatment who may be abusing or neglecting their own children.
This Strategy uses an innovative model to focus on a critical social determinant of health through agency-wide collaborative action.
This document provides a definition, background and recommendations for screening and prevention of domestic violence.
The Community Preventive Services Task Force (CPSTF) recommends primary prevention interventions that aim to prevent or reduce perpetration of intimate partner and sexual violence among youth. Evidence shows these interventions decrease the perpetration of intimate partner violence and sexual violence.
The AAS is a five question tool designed to allow clinicians or screeners to quickly determine patients in an abusive situation.
A selection of screening instruments to determine elder abuse or mistreatment.
The final research plan on screening for intimate partner violence, elder abuse, and abuse of vulnerable adults from the U.S. Preventive Task Force.
A portable tool that provides (shelter) practitioners with practical step-by-step advice on how to react if they are faced with a disclosure of GBV. It includes a decision making flow chart, Do's and Dont's of Psychological First Aid, and a space to list available services in the given location.
A four question domestic violence screening tool designed for use in the community.
Designed for use by practitioners in clinical/healthcare settings, this tool is a compilation of existing tools for assessing intimate partner violence and sexual violence.
This compendium of tools is designed to assist researchers in measuring victimization from and perpetration of intimate partner violence.
This Information Memorandum provides guidance and model procedures that address challenges consistently identified by child support agency staff when processing cases that involve victims of domestic violence.
The final Research Plan will be used to guide a systematic review of the evidence by researchers at an Evidence-based Practice Center. The resulting Evidence Review will form the basis of the USPSTF Recommendation Statement on this topic.
This brief discusses the reasons for screening in health care settings, the current prevalence of screening and reasons this prevalence is relatively low, existing evidence about screening, and next steps toward ensuring that screening becomes an effective preventive service.
The Spousal Assault Risk Assessment Guide (SARA) helps criminal justice professionals predict the likelihood of domestic violence
Based on TIP 36, this pamphlet outlines the screening questions clinicians should use to determine if a patient is being abused.
On Page 1, Table 1, the HARK (Humiliation, Afraid, Rape, Kick) assessment is provided. The article from BMC Family Pratice discusses the accuracy of the test's results.
This article from the Western Journal of Emergency Medicine describes the evaluation of a screening tool for the gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgendered community. The tool itself is available on page 9 of the document.
Published in 1996, this eight question test is a screening tool developed for use by family physicians in screening for emotional and/or physical abuse of women.
This one hour online training provides guidance for enhancing clinical practice based on recommendations around screening intervention for Intimate Partner Abuse
This 1 hour interactive eLearning module is designed to acquaint new advocates and health care professionals with the issues surrounding domestic violence.
Futures Without Violence offers a range of educational and training videos that are available for viewing on YouTube.
Healthy Moms, Happy Babies: Train the Trainer Home Visitation Curriculum and safety cards for distribution by the home visitor.
NSVRC offers online courses on sexual violence in housing, Latin communities, rural communities, older adults, disasters, trauma, and primary prevention of sexual violence.
An online course (75-90 minutes to complete) which features videos, animation, and interactive exercises developed to allow participants to define violence, describe the burden of violence in the United States, distinguish primary prevention from secondary and tertiary prevention, identify the 4 levels of the Social Ecological Model, and describe the public health approach to violence prevention.
This four hour course provides an introduction to basic knowledge and skills useful in assisting and responding to victims of sexual violence.
Slide sets and guides designed to train professionals on physical, emotional, psychological, and financial abuse of elders. Also includes a toolkit A Guide to Planning Your Elder Abuse Presentation.
This three-part program is designed to assist in the development of programs related to domestic violence services. The modules include: Understanding the Framework and Approach, Building Program Capacity, and Developing Collaborations and Increasing Access.
These trainings allow medical professionals to acquire and maintain the knowledge, skills, and competent clinical forensic practice to improve the response to domestic and sexual violence in hospitals, health clinics, and health stations within the Indian health system.
This free online educational module is designed to educate practitioners, advocates, public health professionals and researchers on the types of evidence involved in decision-making, on data collection methodologies, and on the identification standards of practice in research evidence and the factors that can influence decisions. Modules focus on child maltreatment and intimate partner violence.
NCADV offers monthly webinars on various topics on domestic violence and issues that intersect.
From a meeting held on December 9, 2013, this website provides access to the agenda and meeting presentations
From 2012, a grand rounds which looks at the prevention of intimate partner violence.
Held on October 30, 2016, this conference examined the research gaps in detecting, preventing and intervening in situations of elder abuse, a growing public health problem. The agenda, background resources, participants, and video cast are available.
The Arizona Coalition to End Sexual and Domestic Violence presents the video of a webinar, held in April 2015, which instructed participants on how to screen for reproduction coercion.
A series of webinars and podcasts from the National Center on Elder Abuse
The program convenes graduate-level students from across the country looking to make a difference on their campuses. Each year, a cohort of students from a diverse range of health care fields-including medicine, nursing, public health, social work, and more-are selected to participate in the program.
Funding opportunities offered by the Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention (CBCAP) programs.
Each year, the Foundation awards a grant to at least one domestic violence shelter in every state that applies. Any remaining funds are distributed based on state population.
Grants to fund research to improve the health of lesbians and other sexual minority women, including a focus on health care inequalities, societal and domestic violence, reproductive health, and interventions for mental and physical health.
The Office on Violence Against Women currently administers 24 grant programs authorized by the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) of 1994 and subsequent legislation.
The Strengthening Tribal Response to Violence Against Native Women Initiative provides training, technical assistance and resources for tribal governments and programs that do not currently have Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) grant funding. The goal of initiative is to enhance victim services and assist tribal criminal justice systems to more effectively address victim safety and offender accountability.
Search legislation by state from 2012 forward. Also available is a link to a separate database of legislation from 2005-2011. Categories include child abuse and neglect, child fatality, and education.
A state-by-state outline on legislation regarding stalking and harrassment from the e American Bar Association Commission on Domestic Violence
This website outlines state laws on domestic violence or abuse, the individual definitions of conduct amounting to domestic violence or abuse, and the relationships which may be considered domestic violence or abuse.
This set of links provides access to several different websites which provide detailed information on elder protection statues throughout the states.
This website provides an overview of federal legislation aimed at preventing violence against women.
Site provides a series of documents on domestic violence and child welfare in Federal and State legislation and policies.
The text of the act that was signed into law on April 19, 2016.
The National Center on Elder Abuse has compiled a list of federal and state legislation, government reports, congressional hearings related to elder abuse.
A database on the state-level definitions of 'domestic violence' and 'domestic abuse.'
Search by state for specific legislation. Included are search limits for child abuse and neglect, child welfare, and adoption.
The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) was signed into law on January 31, 1974; this document represents the text of the reauthorization of the Act in 2010.
Passed in March of 2013, this legislation reauthorizes the Violence Against Women Act of 1994.
APSAC supports professionals who serve children and families affected by child maltreatment and violence. This website also provides information on their annual conference.
APV assists lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and HIV-affected communities and allies to end all forms of violence through organizing and education, and supports survivors through counseling and advocacy. Under Resources, visit the National Training and Technical Assistance Center on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, & Queer (LGBTQ) Cultural Competency for detailed information on IPV screening tools.
The University of Kentucky's Center for Research on Violence Against Women leadership team of endowed faculty is focused on producing excellent research designed to improve the quality of life of those affected by forms of violence that disproportionately involve women. Our ultimate goal through our efforts of conducting and disseminating research is to prevent such violence.
The Network includes two national resource centers, four special issue resource centers, three culturally-specific resource centers, the National Domestic Violence Hotline, and the National LGBTQ DV Capacity Building Learning Center. The DVRN works collaboratively to promote practices and strategies to improve our nation's response to domestic violence.
The website contains position statements on various issues related to domestic violence.
Futures Without Violence provides programs, policies, campaigns, and training towards the goal of ending violence against women and children.
The website contains guidelines and educational programs related to the detection of domestic violence.
NO MORE is a 501(c)(3) charity that provides sponsorship to projects and campaigns on a range of social justice issues and aims to raise public awareness and engagement around ending domestic violence and sexual assault.
Resource for policy makers, social service and health care practitioners, the justice system, researchers, advocates, and families.
NCADV works to affect public policy, increasing understanding of the impact of domestic violence, and providing programs and education that drive that change.
NHCVA is comprised of more than 30 national professional health associations, dedicated to reducing and addressing the health consequences of intimate partner violence and abuse
Supports health care practitioners, administrators and systems, domestic violence experts, survivors, and policy makers at all levels as they improve health care's response to domestic violence. The Center supports leaders in the field through groundbreaking model professional, education and response programs, cutting edge advocacy and sophisticated technical assistance. The Center offers a wealth of free, culturally responsive materials that are appropriate for a wide variety of health professions and settings.
A Native nonprofit organization that was created specifically to serve as the National Indian Resource Center (NIRC) Addressing Domestic Violence and Safety for Indian Women.
Advocacy organization aimed at the prevention of sexual violence.
NWLC promotes policies and laws aimed at protecting the rights of women.
Founded in 1985 to encourage the development of nursing practice to address the health and social effects of violence in women's lives.
The focus of this organization is to provide the necessary resources to assist programs in effectively meet the needs of women, children and youth experiencing domestic violence. Included here are program models, tools, and training curriculum.
The QIC-DVCW is focused on implementing an Adult & Child Survivor-Centered Approach across multiple sectors that integrates practice wisdom and research from child welfare, domestic violence, child development and the science of trauma and resilience in families and communities. Site contains resources and tools for stakeholders to support improved responses to children and families in which domestic violence is occurring.
Information on resources, legislation, initiatives, and government action in violence against women.
Organizations, by state, for information about violence against women.
DELTA FOCUS (Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancements and Leadership Through Alliances, Focusing on Outcomes for Communities United with States) is a five-year cooperative agreement funding a 10 state domestic violence coalition (Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Indiana, Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, Rhode Island) to engage in primary prevention of intimate partner violence.
This section of CDC provides valuable documents on many forms of violence including child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, elder abuse, and sexual violence.
The Centre for Public Health at Liverpool John Moores University is a WHO Collaborating Centre for Violence Prevention. The website provides access to a database of abstracts of published papers, a trials registry, and a listing of international reports on the topic.
The mission of this organization is to provide and enhance leadership capacity and resources that promote the activities of women of color advocates and activists
Links, data, definitions, resources for preventing elder abuse.
This website includes a variety of documents, training materials, laws and policies for researchers, practitioners, justice professionals, faith communities, advocacy and prevention professionals.
Supported by a grant from the Administration for Children and Families, this website includes documents, funding information, tutorials, on domestic and sexual violence.
Definitions, risk and protective Factors, consequences and research aimed at prevention practitioners to assist them in launching or enhancing local prevention efforts. Free registration is required to use any interactive tools.