Brown ArrowHealth Disparities

Healthcare disparities refer to differences in access to or availability of facilities and services. Health status disparities refer to the variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between socioeconomic and/or geographically defined population groups. [Both definitions are from the 2009 Medical Subject Headings (MeSH).]


  • A Roadmap for Health in All Policies: Collaborating to Win the Policy Marathon - (ChangeLab Solutions) Details

    This roadmap offers guidance to anyone who is inspired by a vision of a healthier, more equitable community for all. It focuses on using policy to build and institutionalize the public sector's ability to collaborate across departments, agencies, and offices.

  • America's Health Rankings - (United Health Foundation) Details

    Provides a comprehensive, annual perspective on national health issues, state by state. The rankings feature an interactive map to explore health statistics and compare states side-by-side.

  • BLOCK Project - (ChangeLab Solutions) Details

    The BLOCK Project examines how housing policies and practices exacerbate health inequities, and identifies promising solutions.

  • Beyond Health Care: The Role of Social Determinants in Promoting Health and Health Equity - (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF)) Details

    Issue brief focuses on the broad factors that influence health and describes efforts to address them, including initiatives within Medicaid.

  • City Health Dashboard - (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF)) Details

    The City Health Dashboard is an interactive visualization tool to help cities understand, compare and take action to improve health status and health risks in their municipalities. Twenty-six measures related to health are represented across five domains: Health Outcomes, Health Behaviors, Clinical Care, Social and Economic Factors, and the Physical Environment. Dashboard currently includes four cities as part of its pilot.

  • Countering the Production of Health Inequities: Ensuring the Opportunity for Health for All (April 2018) - (Prevention Institute) Details

    Brief provides an overview of a set of prioritized determinants of health that unmask the systemic causes that have created the community conditions that undermine health and analyzes the complex web of laws, policies, practices, and procedures-both current and historic-that have led to health inequities. The analysis also provides policy recommendations, community examples, and actionable solutions for creating an equitable Culture of Health.

  • Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Program - (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS) Details

    A program that will evaluate environmental exposures (physical, chemical, biological, social, behavioral, natural and built environments) on child health and development.

  • Improving Public Health through Public Parks and Trails: Eight Common Measures (2017) - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS) Details

    This summary presents eight common measures that connect park and trail planning to public health goals. The data collected using these measures can be employed to evaluate, plan, and promote public parks and trails at the national, state, regional, and local levels.

  • Investing in a Healthier America: The Role of Social Determinants - (Alliance for Health Policy) Details

    Archived webinar from Dec 2016 which examined the challenges of aligning or combining funding sources to achieve better health outcomes, how analysts can prove value in such ventures, and the role of health care professionals in caring for patients who have both medical and non-medical needs.

  • Moving to Access Initiative - (Brookings Institution) Details

    The Moving to Access Initiative looks at innovative policies, tools, and techniques that can help ensure that all people-regardless of income or demography-get where they need to go.

  • NCHHSTP Social Determinants of Health - (National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP), CDC) Details

    Resources, publications, and definitions for health equity and social determinants of health.

  • Neighborhoods Matter Interactive Application - (County Health Rankings & Roadmaps) Details

    An interactive resource allows users to explore key CHRR Rankings physical environment factors that impact health, including air and water quality, housing, and transportation. In addition to detailing differences in health by community type, by putting in a zip code, users can see how their community is doing on these range of factors.

  • Prioritizing Transportation Equity through Complete Streets (2016) - (University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC)) Details

    This report summarizes findings from a study of eight communities that implemented a transportation equity policy in providing "Complete Streets" with safe access for all users, pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists, and transit riders.

  • Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) Training Plan - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS) Details

    This training plan provides an overview of the Social Determinants of Health (SDOH). In general, SDOH refer to the different aspects of a person’s social and physical environment that contribute to his or her health.

  • Social Determinants of Health - National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services Policy Brief (January 2017) - (Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), HHS) Details

    Policy brief provides recommendations on how HHS can best address the social determinants of health in rural communities.

  • Social Determinants of Health Resource Series - (American Hospital Association) Details

    A work in progress, this series of resources can help hospitals address the social determinants of health in their communities. Resources include reports, case studies, webinars, and videos on food, housing, education, transportation, violence, social support, health behaviors, and employment.

  • Social Determinants of Health: Know What Affects Health - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS) Details

    This website provides CDC resources for SDOH data, tools for action, programs, and policy. They may be used by people in public health, community organizations, and health care systems to assess SDOH and improve community well-being.

  • The Relationship between Housing and Asthma among School-Age Children - (Urban Institute) Details

    Study uses data from the 2015 American Housing Survey to better explore variations in asthma prevalence and asthma-related ER use among school-age children (ages 5 to 17) by a wide array of housing and household characteristics.

  • Transportation and Health Access: A Quality Improvement Toolkit - (Health Outreach Partners) Details

    A guide to assist health centers with assessing the scope of the problem and finding solutions to missed medical appointments due to transportation barriers. The toolkit guides the user through the two key phases of the quality improvement process: Needs Assessment and Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) cycle, a continuous quality improvement process.

    Web Portals

  • 100 Million Healthier Lives - (Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI)) Details

    A collaboration from the Institute for Healthcare Improvement to create health, wellbeing, and equity. Focus is on community health, multi-disciplinary collaboration, policy changes, peer-to-peer support, culture change, and creating environments good at both health and care.

  • 500 Cities Project - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS) Details

    The 500 Cities Project provides city and census data on 27 chronic disease risk factors, health outcomes, and clinical preventive service use for the 500 largest U.S. cities as a means to provide benchmarks for population health. The 500 Cities data is available for download, report creation, and customizable visualizations.

  • AHRQ - Minority Health - (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), HHS) Details

    Links to AHRQ's minority health programs, reports, workshops, etc.

  • Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion - (Health Services Research and Development Service (HSR&D), VA) Details

    An HSR&D Center of Excellence whose mission is to reduce disparities and promote equity in health and health care among vulnerable groups of veterans and other populations.

  • Center for Health Equity and Wellness - (Adventist HealthCare) Details

    Center for Health Equity and Wellness was created to raise community awareness about local health disparities, improve capacity to deliver population-based care, and develop solutions to eliminate local disparities in health care.

  • CityHealth - (de Beaumont Foundation) Details

    CityHealth, an initiative of the de Beaumont Foundation, provides leaders with a package of evidence-based policy solutions that will help millions of people live longer, better lives in vibrant, prosperous communities.

  • Disparities in Mental Health Services Research - (National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), NIH) Details

    This program plans, stimulates, disseminates, and supports research on the complex factors that influence disparities in mental health services, particularly across special population groups such as racial and ethnic groups, as well as women and children, and persons living in rural and frontier areas.

  • EJ 2020 Action Agenda: EPA's Environmental Justice Strategy - (Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)) Details

    Priority areas, information, resources, outreach, and challenges to promote environmental justice and better health outcomes for vulnerable communities.

  • GLMA: Health Professionals Advancing LGBT Equality Details

  • Health Equity Research and Policy - (Association of American Medical Colleges) Details

    Features AAMC health equity initiatives and resources, including a Community Engagement Toolkit to promote Native American participation in All of Us, health equity programming, community health needs assessment resources, and presentations from a February 2017 workshop.

  • Health Research & Educational Trust (HRET) - (American Hospital Association) Details

    Management research to provide operational advice on improving quality, reducing costs and eliminating disparities. Link to toolkits, resources, and reports.

  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health (CDC) - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS) Details

  • National Academy of Medicine - Select Populations and Health Disparities Details

    Links to current projects, events, and reports concerning minority health as well as information about the work IOM has done in the area of racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare.

  • National Collaborative for Health Equity Details

    The mission of the National Collaborative for Health Equity is to promote health equity by harnessing evidence, developing leaders, and catalyzing partnerships across the many different sectors that share responsibility for creating a more equitable and just society.

  • National Partnership for Action to End Health Disparities - (National Partnership to End Health Disparities) Details

    The mission of the National Partnership for Action is to mobilize and connect individuals and organizations across the country to create a Nation free of health disparities, with quality health outcomes for all people.

  • National Partnership for Action to End Health Disparities (NPA) - (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)) Details

    The mission of the National Partnership for Action is to mobilize and connect individuals and organizations across the country to create a Nation free of health disparities, with quality health outcomes for all people. The campaign, launched by the Office of Minority Health (OMH) focuses on health status and health outcomes among racial and ethnic minority populations.

  • National Resource Center on LGBT Aging Details

    An organization established by a federal grant from HHS, the Center provides training, technical assistance, and educational resources to and for the aging LGBT commmunity and organizations.

  • New York Academy of Medicine (NYAM) - (New York Academy of Medicine) Details

    NYAM has been advancing the health of people in cities since 1847. An independent organization, NYAM addresses the health challenges facing the world's urban populations through interdisciplinary approaches to innovative research, education, community engagement and policy leadership. Drawing on the expertise of diverse partners worldwide and more than 2,000 elected Fellows from across the professions, our current priorities are to create environments in cities that support healthy aging; to strengthen systems that prevent disease and promote the public's health; and to implement interventions that eliminate health disparities. Provides New York City and New York State health and community data resources.

  • Office of Behavioral Health Equity - (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), HHS) Details

    The Office of Behavioral Health Equity works to reduce mental health and substance use disparities and improve access to quality care.

  • Office of Minority Health & Health Equity (OMHHE) - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS) Details

    The Office of Minority Health and Health Equity (OMHHE) coordinates CDC activities for White House and Departmental Initiatives aimed at improving the ability of educational institutions to serve racial and ethnic minorities and addressing the health and human service concerns of racial and ethnic minorities.

  • Office of Minority Health (OMH) - (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)) Details

    The mission of the Office of Minority Health (OMH) is to improve and protect the health of racial and ethnic minority populations through the development of health policies and programs that will eliminate health disparities. Detailed information on cultural competency can be found on this site.

  • Partnering4Health - (Partnering4Health) Details

    Initiative logs the lessons learned from a grant-funded community health project that improved the health of more than 20 million people in 94 communities across the United States over the last three years. Site includes a comprehensive report, toolkits, online training course, and other resources.

  • Research on Care Community Health Equity (ROCChe) Subgroup - (Association of American Medical Colleges) Details

    A new forum designed to connect investigators and clinicians on issues related to research aimed at minimizing health disparities.

  • Sexual & Gender Minority Research Office - Division of Program Coordination, Planning, and Strategic Initiatives (DPCPSI) - (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS) Details

    The Sexual and Gender Minority Research Office (SGMRO) coordinates sexual and gender minority (SGM)--related research and activities by working directly with the NIH Institutes, Centers, and Offices.

  • Social Determinants of Health Series - (Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health) Details

    This website provides information on the Annual Symposium on the Social Determinants of Health.

  • The Fenway Institute Details

    An interdisciplinary center for research, training, education, and policy development, focusing on national and international health issues. Their mission is to ensure access to quality, culturally competent medical and mental health care for traditionally underserved communities, including lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people and those affected by HIV/AIDS.

  • Vulnerable Populations - (Commonwealth Fund) Details

    The goals of the program are to improve the overall quality of health care delivered to low-income and minority Americans, and to eliminate racial and ethnic health disparities. The program builds on efforts to improve quality of care overall in the United States, focusing on safety-net hospitals and ambulatory care providers serving large numbers of low-income and minority patients.


  • Web Portals